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París rinde último homenaje a víctimas de los atentados [+Fotos]

Francia rendía este domingo un último homenaje a las cerca de 150 personas fallecidas en los ataques yihadistas de enero y noviembre de 2015 en París.

El presidente François Hollande y la alcaldesa de París Anne Hidalgo inauguraron por la mañana una placa conmemorativa, al pie de un roble plantado con esta ocasión en la céntrica plaza de la República.

Ahí fue donde los parisinos se congregaron de forma espontánea, tras los atentados que dejaron 17 muertos en enero de 2015 -12 en la sede del semanario satírico Charlie Hebdo, una policía abatida y cuatro judíos asesinados en un supermercado kósher-.

La plaza, vigilada por francotiradores desde los tejados de los edificios adyacentes, no se llenó esta vez en el último acto de una semana de conmemoraciones.

Tras la inauguración de la placa, el cantante Johnny Hallyday interpretó “Un dimanche de janvier” (“Un domingo de enero”), una canción en memoria de la inmensa movilización que siguió los atentados de enero.

A continuación, el coro del ejército francés cantó “Les prénoms de Paris” (“Los nombres de París”), del fallecido Jacques Brel, antes de la lectura de un discurso pronunciado por el escritor Victor Hugo a su regreso del exilio, el 5 de septiembre de 1870.

“Salvar París, es más que salvar a Francia, es salvar al mundo. París es el centro de la humanidad. París es la ciudad sagrada. Quien ataca París ataca a todo el género humano”, declaró entonces el autor.

Una inmensa pancarta con el lema de París, “Fluctuat nec mergitur” (Batida por las olas pero jamás hundida), se extendía por la plaza.

El acto cerró un año negro para Francia, que volvió a ser golpeada el 13 de noviembre en París, cuando una serie de atentados reivindicados por el grupo yihadista Estado Islámico (EI) dejó 130 muertos y cientos de heridos.

Los ataques han dejado huella en el país. Desde enero, los militares patrullan las calles de París, vigilan las sinagogas, las escuelas y las mezquitas en toda Francia. El gobierno decretó en noviembre el estado de emergencia y los registros y arrestos se han multiplicado.

Importantes consecuencias

Francia ha cambiado de alma. Con la adversidad se ha descubierto a sí misma, a veces para bien y otras para mal”, escribía este sábado el diario de izquierdas Libération.

El miedo suscitado por los atentados ha tenido consecuencias políticas como el ascenso de la extrema derecha en los recientes comicios regionales.

La comunidad judía se muestra cada vez más preocupada: la emigración hacia Israel (la ‘aliyah’ en hebreo) superó un récord en 2015, con cerca de 7.900 salidas.

“Ya no me siento segura aquí. Como judíos somos un objetivo prioritario en un país que es un objetivo”, afirma Noémie, una superviviente del supermercado kósher.

El malestar también es profundo entre los musulmanes franceses, que han sido víctimas de un aumento de los actos islamófobos y se sienten señalados.

“La república necesita, hoy más que nunca, el compromiso de todos los musulmanes de Francia“, declaró el sábado el ministro del Interior Bernard Cazeneuve.

Los atentados llevaron a Hollande a endurecer su política de seguridad, con el apoyo de la opinión pública, pero en contra de varios miembros de su mayoría parlamentaria, que se oponen a la privación de la nacionalidad para los binacionales nacidos en Francia y condenados por terrorismo.

French Paris' mayor Anne Hidalgo (L partially hidden), French President Francois Hollande (C) and French Prime minister Manuel Valls (R) attend a remembrance rally at Place de la Republique (Republic square) on January 10, 2016 in Paris, to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. AFP PHOTO / THOMAS SAMSON / AFP / THOMAS SAMSON

French President Francois Hollande (L) speaks with French singer Johnny Hallyday (R) as Prime Minister Manuel Valls (2ndL) kisses Hallyday's wife Laeticia at the end of a ceremony held on January 10, 2016 to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. / AFP / POOL / PHILIPPE WOJAZER

French President Francois Hollande (C), Prime Minister Manuel Valls (R) and Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo (L) unveil a commemorative plaque during a ceremony held, on January 10, 2016 to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. / AFP / POOL / PHILIPPE WOJAZER

French President Francois Hollande (C), Prime Minister Manuel Valls (R) and Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo (L) pay respect after unveiling a commemorative plaque during a ceremony held, on January 10, 2016 to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. / AFP / POOL / PHILIPPE WOJAZER

(From L) Mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, French President Francois Hollande and French Prime Minister Manuel Valls attend a remembrance rally at Place de la Republique (Republic square) on January 10, 2016 to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. / AFP / POOL / YOAN VALAT

(From L) Mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, French President Francois Hollande and French Prime Minister Manuel Valls attend a remembrance rally at Place de la Republique (Republic square) on January 10, 2016 to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. / AFP / POOL / YOAN VALAT

French President Francois Hollande (C) and French Prime Minister Manuel Valls (R) attend a remembrance rally at Place de la Republique (Republic square) on January 10, 2016 to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. / AFP / POOL / YOAN VALAT

(From L) French Prime minister Manuel Valls, French President Francois Hollande and French Paris' mayor Anne Hidalgo attend a remembrance rally at Place de la Republique (Republic square) on January 10, 2016 to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. / AFP / YOAN VALAT

French Paris' mayor Anne Hidalgo (C-L), French President Francois Hollande (C) and French Prime minister Manuel Valls (C-R), attend a remembrance rally at Place de la Republique (Republic square) on January 10, 2016 in Paris, to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. AFP PHOTO / THOMAS SAMSON / AFP / THOMAS SAMSON

French Paris' mayor Anne Hidalgo (C), French President Francois Hollande (2ndR) and French Prime minister Manuel Valls (R) walk during a remembrance rally at Place de la Republique (Republic square) on January 10, 2016 in Paris, to mark a year since 1.6 million people thronged the French capital in a show of unity after attacks on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Jewish supermarket. Just as it was last year, the vast Place de la Republique will be the focus of the gathering as people reiterate their support for freedom of expression and remember the other victims of what would become a year of jihadist outrages in France, culminating in the November 13 coordinated shootings and suicide bombings that killed 130 people and were claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group. AFP PHOTO / THOMAS SAMSON / AFP / THOMAS SAMSON

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